What is the analysis of calcium for children


What is the analysis of calcium for children

Calcium analysis for children
Calcium analysis for children

Calcium is one of the important elements in the human body, it maintains bone health, as well as maintains the functions of the heart and nerves, and therefore we will learn about the analysis of calcium for children as follows:

  • It is an analysis that is conducted after taking a sample of the child's blood to measure the level of calcium in the blood, as calcium is one of the essential elements found in the bloodstream.
  • The doctor can order this test for children, as it is used to diagnose diseases that affect the bones, nerves, heart and other organs in the body.
  • If the child has symptoms of calcium deficiency or symptoms of an increased level of calcium in the blood such as vomiting, extreme thirst, stomach pain, constipation, loss of appetite and general weakness, the doctor will order this test.
  • There are diseases that affect the analysis of calcium such as bone diseases such as osteoporosis, lung and breast cancer, kidney and liver diseases, nerve diseases, hyperthyroidism, and pancreatitis.
  • Calcium analysis for children helps to identify the side effects of some medications that the child takes, and what is the body's reaction to these medications.
  • There are two types of this analysis, the first type is Total Calcium, which measures the percentage of calcium in the blood bound to some proteins, and the second type is Ionized Calcium, which measures the calcium that is not bound to these proteins.

Calcium drops for infants

Calcium analysis for children
Calcium analysis for children

It may be necessary to give the infant calcium drops in case of low levels in the blood, and the following are the most important causes of calcium deficiency in infants:

  • Oxygen deficiency.
  • The child took antibiotic medicines such as gentamicin.
  • DiGeorge syndrome, a genetic disease.
  • If the child suffers from hyperthyroidism.
  • Premature birth.
  • Calcium deficiency in the mother during pregnancy.
  • An imbalance in the intestine causes difficulty in calcium absorption.
  • Not breast-feeding the baby enough.
  • Also, if a child eats only cow's milk, it causes calcium deficiency, as the infant cannot absorb the calcium in cow's milk.

Symptoms of calcium deficiency in children one year old

A child needs about 500 milligrams of calcium on a daily basis, and if he does not eat enough calcium, the following symptoms of calcium deficiency will appear:

  • Weakness and osteoporosis.
  • Muscle spasm.
  • Finger numbness.
  • Delayed tooth development.
  • Osteomalacia and rickets.
  • The child falls a lot when trying to walk and feels pain.
  • The child may suffer from disturbances in intellectual and mental abilities.
  • Low heart rate.
  • Decreased circulatory activity.
  • The child suffers from insomnia when there is a lack of calcium in the body.
  • Exposure to epilepsy.
  • Sometimes calcium deficiency in children causes a drop in blood pressure.

Symptoms of calcium deficiency in older children

Calcium is found in the body and muscles, but it is stored in the bones and teeth by 99%. The body obtains this element through healthy food. The following symptoms appear in children, which indicate a lack of calcium in the blood:

  • Osteoporosis due to reduced bone mass.
  • Imbalances in metabolic rates.
  • Confusion and memory loss.
  • Muscle tremors.
  • Having tetanus attacks.
  • Feeling of pain in the chest area.
  • Loss of appetite and feeling nauseous.
  • Heart problems appear.
  • problems with blood vessels;
  • Weakness in the body's immune system.
  • Feeling of fatigue and general weakness.
  • stress and depression.
  • Injury to brittle nails.
  • Skin roughness and dryness.
  • The color of the teeth becomes yellow.
  • Tooth decay.
  • poor hair growth;

Normal calcium level in infants

The normal calcium ratio may vary from one laboratory to another according to many factors, and this ratio can be clarified in some points as follows:

  • The most common normal for calcium in infants under one year is between 8 and 11.3 milligrams per deciliter.
  • The normal range for infants under 10 days of age is between 9 and 2.6 mmol/L, or between 7.6 and 10.4 mg/dL.
  • The normal calcium level in infants from 10 days of age and older is 3 to 2.65 mmol/L, or 9 to 10.6 mg/dL.
  • The parathyroid glands secrete the Parathyroid hormone, which regulates this ratio in the body when sensing calcium deficiency. It releases calcium from the bones and prevents its excretion in the urine and increases its absorption from the intestines.
  • To maintain this ratio, the infant must get 200 milligrams per day, by eating an adequate amount of breast milk or fortified formula, but breast milk is preferred because it is rich in calcium that the infant can easily absorb.

Calcium analysis price for children

The price of this analysis varies from one laboratory to another and from one city to another, as follows:

  • In the laboratory laboratory in Egypt, the analysis of total calcium for children is 30 Egyptian pounds, the price of ionized calcium analysis is about 50 Egyptian pounds, and the price of calcium in the urine reaches 50 Egyptian pounds.
  • In the Al-Borg lab, the price of calcium in the urine is 70 Egyptian pounds, and the price of calcium in the blood is 133 Egyptian pounds.

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